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A World of Hurt: Chronic Pain in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Wanderer, Jonathan P. MD, MPhil; Nathan, Naveen MD

doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001525
Infographic: Infographic

Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (jon.wanderer@vanderbilt.edu)

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (n-nathan@northwestern.edu)

*Gross National Income per capita calculated using World Bank Atlas method as of 2013

Infographic composed by Jonathan P. Wanderer, MD, MPhil, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (jon.wanderer@vanderbilt.edu), and Naveen Nathan, MD, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (n-nathan@northwestern.edu).

Illustration by Naveen Nathan, MD. The creators of this infographic declare no conflicts of interest.

Figure

Figure

Chronic pain affects countries across the globe, including low- and middle-income countries that have reduced resources for healthcare.1 In this infographic, we review the geographic distribution of research focused on chronic pain without clear etiology in these countries, and additionally describe the most prevalent types of pain observed.

1. Jackson T, Thomas S, Stabile V, Shotwell M, Han X, McQueen K. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the global burden of chronic pain without clear etiology in low- and middle-income countries: trends in heterogeneous data and a proposal for new assessment methods. Anesth Analg. 2016;123:739–748.
    © 2016 International Anesthesia Research Society