The benefit of focused cardiovascular ultrasound as an adjunct to physical examination has been shown in numerous specialties and in diverse clinical settings. Although the value of these techniques to the practice of anesthesiology is substantial, they have only begun to be incorporated. This article reviews the basic techniques required to perform a bedside focused cardiovascular ultrasound (ie, FoCUS examination). This includes a discussion of patient positioning, breath control, probe position, and manipulation and was supplemented by normal and abnormal examples for review.
From the *Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; and †Department of Perioperative Medicine and Anesthesiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
Accepted for publication November 28, 2016.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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Address correspondence to Josh M. Zimmerman, MD, FASE, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah, 30 North 1900 East, Room 3C444, Salt Lake City, UT 84132. Address e-mail to email@example.com.