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Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2013 - Volume 116 - Issue 5 > Contributions of Medieval Islamic Physicians to the History...
Anesthesia & Analgesia:
doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182884313
General Articles: Special Article

Contributions of Medieval Islamic Physicians to the History of Tracheostomy

Golzari, Samad E. J. MD*; Khan, Zahid Hussain MD; Ghabili, Kamyar MD‡§; Hosseinzadeh, Hamzeh MD; Soleimanpour, Hassan MD; Azarfarin, Rasoul MD*; Mahmoodpoor, Ata MD; Aslanabadi, Saeid MD#; Ansarin, Khalil MD**

Supplemental Author Material
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Tracheostomy was first described by Greco-Roman physicians, including Paulus of Aegina. Medieval Islamic clinicians extended the Greco-Roman ideas with substantial contributions to the field of surgery, including tracheostomy. Although Al-Zahrawi (936–1013 CE) stated that he had not heard or read of any Islamic physicians having performed tracheostomy, there is evidence that many prominent Islamic surgeons did practice this lifesaving procedure during medieval times. Throughout the Islamic Golden Age, Muslim physicians advanced the practice of tracheostomy with many modifications of the procedure, instrumentation, and adjuvant medicinal prescriptions.

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