The purpose of this study was to determine whether intravenous (IV) ketamine would enhance analgesia from intrathecal (IT) neostigmine compared with combining IV fentanyl with IT neostigmine.Sixty patients undergoing vaginoplasty under spinal anesthesia were assigned to one of six groups (n = 10). Patients were premedicated with midazolam plus the IV test drug. The IT drugs were 20 mg bupivacaine plus saline or 50 micro gram neostigmine. The control group (CG) received saline IV and IT. The neostigmine control group (NCG) received saline IV and neostigmine IT. The ketamine group (KG) received ketamine 0.2 mg/kg IV and saline IT, and the ketamine neostigmine group (KNG), ketamine IV and neostigmine IT. The fentanyl group (FG) received fentanyl 1 micro gram/kg IV and saline IT, and the fentanyl neostigmine group (FNG), fentanyl IV and neostigmine IT. The time to first rescue analgesic was longer for the FNG and KNG compared with the CG, with less rescue analgesic consumption (P < 0.02 and P < 0.01, respectively). Only the FNG had significantly intraoperative nausea/vomiting (P < 0.02). In conclusion, the combination of IV ketamine and IT neostigmine results in prolonged postoperative analgesia and less intraoperative nausea and vomiting than the combination of IV fentanyl and IT neostigmine.
(Anesth Analg 1996;83:766-70)
Discipline of Anesthesiology, Department of Surgery, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas-Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto-USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Accepted for publication June 6, 1996.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Gabriela R. Lauretti, MD, MSc, PhD, rua Mantiqueira, 460, Ribeirao Pretto, Sao Paulo, Brazil 14025/600.