Certain nonmalignant lesions encountered on percutaneous breast biopsies pose dilemmas with regard to the most appropriate clinical management subsequent to needle biopsy (ie, surgical excision vs. follow-up). These lesions include columnar cell lesions, atypical ductal hyperplasia, lobular neoplasia, papillary lesions, radial scars, fibroepithelial lesions, and mucocele-like lesions. As minimally invasive diagnostic procedures are now standard it is more important than ever to be aware of the limitations of percutaneous biopsy, particularly with regard to apparently benign lesions because of the risk that the radiologically detected lesion may harbor malignant disease not represented in the biopsy specimen. This underscores the importance of radiologic-pathologic correlation. Increasingly, radiologists are adopting vacuum-assisted devices using larger gauge needles. The changing practices among radiologists are reflected in recent studies which have enriched the literature. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging is being used more frequently in breast imaging, resulting in pathologists more often encountering benign biopsies with uncertain imaging correlation. These changes prompted evaluation of the recent literature and its possible effect on management concerns. This review focuses on management issues following the diagnosis of nonmalignant lesions diagnosed on percutaneous breast biopsy and highlights imaging terms commonly used in breast radiology reports to facilitate accurate radiologic-pathologic correlation.