An aggressive global approach to screening and to the management of the metabolic syndrome is recommended to slow the growth of the syndrome throughout the United States. Prevention should begin in childhood with healthy nutrition, daily physical activity, and annual measurement of weight, height, and blood pressure beginning at 3 years of age. Such screenings will identify cardiovascular risk factors early, allow the health care provider to define global cardiovascular risk with the COSEHC Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Tool, and allow treatment of each risk factor. Lifelong lifestyle modifications and pharmacologic therapy will be required in most patients. Antihypertensive therapy for these patients should begin with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker unless a compelling indication for another drug is present. Metformin should be considered the first drug for glucose control in the patient with type 2 diabetes. A statin should be used initially for hyperlipidemia unless contraindicated. Combinations of antihypertensive, antiglycemic, and lipid-lowering agents will often be required.