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Acute Aluminum Toxicity Associated with Oral Citrate and Aluminum-Containing Antacids.

B. KIRSCHBAUM, BY BARRY MD; SCHOOLWERTH, ANTON C. MD

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Abstract

The authors report the development of a rapidly progressive encephalopathy marked by confusion, myoclonus, seizures, coma, and death in a group of women with renal failure who received an oral solution of citrate and aluminum hydroxide gel concurrently. Two patients were documented as having marked hyperaluminemia far exceeding blood aluminum levels encountered in the chronic state of aluminum intoxication. We ascribe the toxicity to enhanced gastrointestinal absorption of aluminum when complexed with citrate.

(C) Copyright 1989 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation

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