Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of several aspects of climate, such as temperature and altitude, on dental maturation.
Materials and Methods: The total sample consisted of 944 panoramic radiographs (473 Turkish children from Central Anatolia [228 girls and 245 boys] and 471 Turkish children from Eastern Anatolia [222 girls and 249 boys]). The children aged between 7.0 and 14.9 years. The radiographs were randomly selected from 2 cities in Turkey, Kayseri and Erzurum. Independent t tests and paired t tests were performed to compare sex, location, and age to determine the relationships between tooth developments.
Results: The Central Anatolian children were approximately 0.2 to 3.0 years more advanced in dental maturity than the Eastern Anatolian subjects.
Conclusions: The development standards proposed by Demirjian are affected by climatic factors. However, further research and detailed information to gather data are needed.