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Dental Age Assessment for Different Climatic Regions

Cantekin, Kenan DDS, PhD*; Ercan Sekerci, Ahmet DDS, PhD; Peduk, Kubra DDS*; Delikan, Ebru DDS*; Ozakar Ílday, Nurcan DDS, PhD; Demirbuga, Sezer DDS§; Miloglu, Ozkan DDS

American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology:
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000096
Original Articles

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of several aspects of climate, such as temperature and altitude, on dental maturation.

Materials and Methods: The total sample consisted of 944 panoramic radiographs (473 Turkish children from Central Anatolia [228 girls and 245 boys] and 471 Turkish children from Eastern Anatolia [222 girls and 249 boys]). The children aged between 7.0 and 14.9 years. The radiographs were randomly selected from 2 cities in Turkey, Kayseri and Erzurum. Independent t tests and paired t tests were performed to compare sex, location, and age to determine the relationships between tooth developments.

Results: The Central Anatolian children were approximately 0.2 to 3.0 years more advanced in dental maturity than the Eastern Anatolian subjects.

Conclusions: The development standards proposed by Demirjian are affected by climatic factors. However, further research and detailed information to gather data are needed.

Author Information

From the *Pediatric dentistry; †Oral and maxillo-facial radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri; ‡Restorative dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University; §Restorative dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri; and ∥Oral and maxillo-facial radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Manuscript received April 27, 2012; accepted July 30, 2013.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Kenan Cantekin, DDS, PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. E-mail:

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.