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Dental Age Assessment for Different Climatic Regions

Cantekin, Kenan DDS, PhD*; Ercan Sekerci, Ahmet DDS, PhD; Peduk, Kubra DDS*; Delikan, Ebru DDS*; Ozakar Ílday, Nurcan DDS, PhD; Demirbuga, Sezer DDS§; Miloglu, Ozkan DDS

The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: September 2014 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 - p 197–200
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000096
Original Articles

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of several aspects of climate, such as temperature and altitude, on dental maturation.

Materials and Methods The total sample consisted of 944 panoramic radiographs (473 Turkish children from Central Anatolia [228 girls and 245 boys] and 471 Turkish children from Eastern Anatolia [222 girls and 249 boys]). The children aged between 7.0 and 14.9 years. The radiographs were randomly selected from 2 cities in Turkey, Kayseri and Erzurum. Independent t tests and paired t tests were performed to compare sex, location, and age to determine the relationships between tooth developments.

Results The Central Anatolian children were approximately 0.2 to 3.0 years more advanced in dental maturity than the Eastern Anatolian subjects.

Conclusions The development standards proposed by Demirjian are affected by climatic factors. However, further research and detailed information to gather data are needed.

From the *Pediatric dentistry; †Oral and maxillo-facial radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri; ‡Restorative dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University; §Restorative dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri; and ∥Oral and maxillo-facial radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Manuscript received April 27, 2012; accepted July 30, 2013.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Kenan Cantekin, DDS, PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. E-mail: k_cantekin@hotmail.com.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.