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DNA Analysis of Fingernail Clippings: An Unusual Case Report

Song, Fangming MD, PhD*; Liu, Yanjun MD; He, Qun PhD; Hou, Wenmin MD; Wei, Feng MD; Liu, Liang MD, PhD*

American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology: June 2014 - Volume 35 - Issue 2 - p 96–99
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000090
Case Reports

Abstract: The case of an unusual DNA analysis of fingernail clippings is described. A 20-year-old woman died of strangulation, and her former boyfriend entered the police’s sight as suspect through rapid investigation and inspection. Genomic DNA from debris scraped underneath the suspect’s fingernail was extracted 2 days after the incident using the modified DNA pretreatment method. Finally, mixed DNA profiles were observed from the suspect’s fingernail clippings, one of them originating from the victim, which is consistent with the result of criminal investigation. With the support of strong evidence, the suspect soon confessed. In this case, it was really unusual in practice that fingernail debris extracted from the suspect was used to accuse the suspect himself. This case demonstrates the usefulness of the modified DNA pretreatment method and the possibility of getting DNA profiles from fingernail clippings with 2 days’ lapse between the incident and recovery of the evidential material.

From the *Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, Ministry of Education, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing; †Institute of forensic science, Bureau of Public Security of Jincheng, Jincheng; ‡College of Criminal Justice, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing, China.

Manuscript received May 15, 2013; accepted January 21, 2014.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Fangming Song, MD, PhD, Key Laboratory of Evidence Science, Ministry of Education, China University of Political Science and Law, 25 of Xitucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100088. E-mail: sfm7863@gmail.com.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.