Abstract: Black esophagus, also known as acute esophageal necrosis syndrome, is a rare but often fatal pathology. It can be identified during autopsy examination and should be diagnosed by the forensic examiner via simple macroscopic examination. We report the case of an elderly man who was found dead, presenting with this pathology. A microscopic examination was carried out that confirmed the diagnosis. We consider that all forensic examiners should be made aware of this pathology to make the diagnosis quickly, in turn allowing the deceased to be returned promptly to their loved ones.