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Burial of Piglet Carcasses in Cement: A Study of Macroscopic and Microscopic Alterations on an Animal Model

Gibelli, Daniele MD*; Di Giancamillo, Alessia DVM, PhD; Taborelli, Anna BSc*; Porta, Davide BSc*; Andreola, Salvatore MD*; Ferro, Francesca BSc*; Vitari, Francesca DVM, PhD; Domeneghini, Cinzia DVM, PhD; Grandi, Marco MD*; Cattaneo, Cristina MD, PhD*

The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology: March 2013 - Volume 34 - Issue 1 - p 43–49
doi: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e31827a0594
Original Articles

Scarce experimental data exist describing postmortem effects of burial in cement. The scanty literature presents several case reports, but no experimental study. To perform a pilot study, the following experimental system was designed: 4 piglet corpses, who died of natural causes, were encased in concrete. After 1, 2, 3, and 6 months, a block was opened, and autopsy and microscopic analyses were performed. At the first month, initial putrefaction had started, and hindlegs were partly skeletonized. At the second month, both forelegs and hindlegs were partly skeletonized, and the abdomen and back showed advanced putrefaction. At the third month, the samples showed areas of mummification at the abdomen within a general context of initial putrefaction. At the sixth month, the sample showed wide adipocere formation. Histological findings revealed in some analyzed tissues (epithelium, dermis, adipose, and subcutaneous muscular tissues) a well-defined histological pattern even at 3 months after encasement in concrete: this means that microscopic changes may be delayed in concrete and that it may be worth performing histological analyses even in such kind of decomposed material.

From the *LABANOF, Laboratorio di Antropologia ed Odontologia Forense, Sezione di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento di Morfologia Umana e Scienze Biomediche, and †Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Veterinarie per la Sicurezza Alimentare, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Manuscript received March 1, 2010; accepted March 27, 2010.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Reprints: Cristina Cattaneo, MD, PhD, LABANOF, Laboratorio di Antropologia ed Odontologia Forense, Sezione di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento di Morfologia Umana e Scienze Biomediche, Università degli Studi di Milano, V. Mangiagalli 37, Milan, Italy. E-mail: cristina.cattaneo@unimi.it.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.