Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 2010 - Volume 32 - Issue 1 > Calcinosis Cutis: A Rare Reaction to Subcutaneous Injections...
American Journal of Dermatopathology:
doi: 10.1097/DAD.0b013e3181aec116
Clinicopathologic Correlation

Calcinosis Cutis: A Rare Reaction to Subcutaneous Injections of Calcium-Containing Heparin in Patients With Renal Failure

Boccara, Olivia MD*; Prost-Squarcioni, Catherine MD, PhD†; Battistella, Maxime MD‡; Brousse, Nicole MD, PhD*; Rongioletti, Franco MD§; Fraitag, Sylvie MD*

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Abstract

Calcinosis of the cutis and the subcutis is a rare complication of calcium-containing heparin cutaneous injections, mostly occurring in a context of severe renal failure. We report 2 cases. The first patient developed firm erythematous nodules on his thighs and right arm, in a context of disseminated tuberculosis and acute severe renal failure related to human immunodeficiency virus nephropathy. Cutaneous location of tuberculosis was suspected. Histological features allowed to establish the diagnosis of calcinosis of the cutis and the subcutis, showing violaceous and crackled von Kossa-positive calcium deposits in the whole reticular dermis and in thin collagenous septa of subcutaneous tissue. A retrospective inquiry confirmed that subcutaneous injections of calcium-containing heparin had been performed on the sites where lesions occurred. The second patient developed similar lesions at injection sites of calcium-containing heparin, in a context of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and end-stage renal failure. Similar histological features were observed. Calcinosis of the cutis and the subcutis after subcutaneous injections of calcium-containing heparin is rare. It always occurs in a context of elevated calcium-phosphate product, a situation mostly encountered in severe renal failure. Early cutaneous lesions do not bear specific clinical features.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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