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Perianal Fibroadenoma, Case Report

Doganavsargil, Basak MD*; Akalin, Taner MD*; Ylmaz, Mustafa MD†ı; Kandiloglu, Gulsen MD*

American Journal of Dermatopathology: February 2008 - Volume 30 - Issue 1 - pp 81-83
doi: 10.1097/DAD.0b013e31815f986f
Extraordinary Case Report

Extramammary fibroadenomas, occurring in the anogenital region, are rare lesions thought to be arising from “mammary-like anogenital sweet glands” described by van der Putte. We present a 42-year-old woman with a slow-growing, 4-cm, well-circumscribed but nonencapsulated mass in perianal region. The cut surface of the lesion was bulging, gray-white, and slightly lobulated. Microscopically, it was identical to mammary fibroadenoma and composed of concurrent glandular and stromal elements. Low columnar or cuboidal cells with focal, apical cytoplasmic snouts lined the glands, whereas the underlying layer had myoepithelial cell features, expressing smooth muscle actin and S-100. Epithelial component was immunoreactive for human milk fat globulin I. Progesterone receptor positivity was 80%, whereas the estrogen receptor expression was 60%. Gross cystic disease fluid protein and human milk fat globulin II were negative. The case is presented to increase the awareness on mammary-like glands of anogenital region, which may give rise to not only fibroadenomas but also fibrocystic disease, phyllodes tumor, carcinoma in situ, invasive carcinoma and lactating adenoma, hidrocystoma, hidradenoma papilliferum, intraductal papilloma, and sclerosing adenosis, although very rare.

From the Departments of *Pathology; and †General Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Reprints: Basak Doganavsargil, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey (e-mail: bdoganavsargil@yahoo.com).

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.