Atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) is a spindle cell neoplasm of the skin seen typically on sun-damaged skin of the elderly. Though described as a benign entity, local recurrence and distant metastasis have been reported. This study aims to investigate the potential pathogenic role of CD117, the c-kit receptor in AFX. CD117 was detected in 15 of the 16 cases (94%). The percentage of positive cells for CD117 expression among all tumors was approximately 30%. CD117 proved to be a very sensitive marker of AFX. This antibody may be a useful diagnostic adjunct in AFX.