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Disseminated Porokeratosis With Fatal Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Additional Case of “Malignant Disseminated Porokeratosis”

Rongioletti, Franco M.D.; Rebora, Alfredo M.D.

American Journal of Dermatopathology: April 2002 - Volume 24 - Issue 2 - pp 144-148
Extraordinary Case Reports

We report on a patient with a disseminated form of porokeratosis in whom bowenoid lesions and squamous cell carcinoma developed in an apparent sequential progression. Local and disseminated metastases ensued, resulting in the death of the patient. Furthermore, we found an overexpression of the p53 protein in the keratinocytes beneath and adjacent to the cornoid lamella in the porokeratotic lesion and throughout the epidermis in a bowenoid lesion. Although malignancy has been reported previously in various types of porokeratosis, the development of fatal metastatic squamous cell carcinoma in the setting of this disease is a rare event. The histopathologic findings of this case document the association of porokeratotic lesions with bowenoid dysplasia and aggressive squamous cell carcinoma and confirm that a p53 functional aberration can be important in a malignant outcome such as this.

From the Department of Endocrinological and Metabolic Diseases, Section of Dermatology, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Franco Rongioletti, M.D., Clinica Dermatologica, viale Benedetto XV,7, 16132 Genova, Italy. E-mail: frongioletti@libero.it

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.