Skip Navigation LinksHome > December 1998 - Volume 20 - Issue 6 > Pigmented Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin: Report of Two...
American Journal of Dermatopathology:
Extraordinary Case Reports

Pigmented Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

Jurado, I. M.D.; Saez, A. M.D.; Luelmo, J. M.D.; Diaz, J. M.D.; Mendez, I. M.D.; Rey, M. M.D.

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Melanoma is the most common malignant tumor in which melanin synthesis occurs, although other nonmelanocytic tumors synthesize melanin or contain nonneoplastic melanocytes. We present two cases of infiltrating pigmented squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and review the clinical, morphologic, and ultrastructural features. Melanin was found in epithelial tumor cells as well as in macrophages and dendritic melanocytes. Interestingly, one of the neoplasms was associated with an adjacent melanocytic nevus and pigmented solar keratosis. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that neoplastic cells stained for keratin and melanin-filled dendritic cells were found to be S-100 protein and HMB45 positive. A careless examination of the immunohistochemical stains for S-100 protein and HMB45 could cause the misdiagnosis of melanoma, a neoplasm that has a more ominous outlook.

© 1998 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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