Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With S-1 and CDDP in Patients With Lymph Node Metastatic Stage II or III Gastric CancerKochi, Mitsugu MD, PhD; Fujii, Masashi MD, PhD; Kanamori, Noriaki MD; Mihara, Yoshiaki MD; Funada, Tomoya MD; Tamegai, Hidenori MD; Watanabe, Megumu MD; Takayama, Yuriko MD; Suda, Hiroshi MD; Takayama, Tadatoshi MD, PhDAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: February 2017 - Volume 40 - Issue 1 - p 17–21 doi: 10.1097/COC.0000000000000058 Original Articles: Gastrointestinal Abstract Author Information Objectives: We conducted a phase II trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) comprising S-1 and cisplatin (CDDP) followed by extensive resection in the management of resectable locally advanced gastric cancer with lymph node (LN) metastases. Methods: Patients with LN metastases from stage II or III gastric cancer received S-1 and CDDP, as NAC criteria for LN metastases were the involvement of ≥4 nodes <2 cm or ≥1 nodes ≥2 cm as confirmed by a total body computed tomography scan. All patients underwent extensive resection including D2 gastrectomy. The primary endpoint was complete resection rate and the secondary endpoints were 3-year relapse-free and overall survival. Results: Fifty patients were assessable for the analysis. The complete resection rate was 87.8%. Three-year relapse-free survival was 44.9% and 3-year overall survival rate was 48.0%. Conclusions: NAC with S-1 and CDDP is safe and may improve the complete resection rate in patients with metastatic LN gastric cancer. This suggests that LN metastases would provide good target lesions in future clinical trials of NAC. Department of Digestive Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Reprints: Mitsugu Kochi, MD, PhD, Department of Digestive Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Ohyaguchi Kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.