This study was initiated to assess the safety and efficacy of biweekly carboplatin and gemcitabine with bevacizumab in treatment-naive patients with advanced and metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Patients and Methods:
An open-label, nonrandomized phase II clinical trial was conducted. Treatment consisted of a biweekly cycle of gemcitabine, carboplatin, and bevacizumab for a maximum of 6 cycles. If no disease progression or intolerable side effects were observed, maintenance therapy with bevacizumab was continued until disease progressed. Progression-free survival, overall survival (OS), objective response rate, and the safety and tolerability of the therapy were assessed.
Treatment was administered to 35 patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. Median age of the patients was 64.5 years, with 58% being male. Median number of cycles of treatment was 6 (range, 4 to 28 cycles); median number of days of treatment was 117 days (range, 43 to 451 d). Sixty-six percent of patients experienced grade ≥3 toxicities. Hypertension (19%) was the most common adverse event. Pulmonary hemorrhage (3%) and pulmonary abscess (3%) were the causes of treatment-related deaths. There were 48% patients with partial response, 23% with stable disease, and 29% with progressive disease. Median progression-free survival was 2.6 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.6-3.4], and median OS was 13.4 months (95% CI, 8.4-24). The 2-year OS rate was 30% (95% CI, 12%-51%).
Biweekly therapy with combination of carboplatin, gemcitabine, and bevacizumab in advanced inoperable NSCLC provided limited benefit and was associated with excessive toxicity. Further testing of this regimen is not recommended.