We retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome of localized aggressive lymphoma treated with chemotherapy and adjuvant radiotherapy. Between 1982 and 1998, 77 patients who were diagnosed as having aggressive lymphoma stage I-II were treated with chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy. The median radiation dose was 44.4 Gy (range, 30-64 Gy). Some patients who achieved complete response after chemotherapy received limited-field radiation to reduce toxicity. Several prognostic factors were analyzed in the overall (OAS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) by both uni- and multivariate analysis. The 5-year rates of OAS and RFS were 74.6% and 70.8%, respectively. Patient age (p = 0.016), radiation dose (p = 0.043), and prognostic score proposed by the Japan Lymphoma Radiation Therapy Group (JLRTG;p = 0.0073) were significant predictive factors for OAS. As for RFS, predictive factors were patient age (p = 0.042), elevated level of serum lactic dehydrogenase (p = 0.046), and JLRTG score (p = 0.05). At the multivariate level, only patient age greater than 60 years was a significantly adverse variable for both OAS (p = 0.0079) and RFS (p = 0.0198). Our treatment strategy was thought to be acceptable with satisfactory outcomes. Limited-field radiation may have possible advantages in toxicity if it does not lead to worsening of the outcome, although a conclusive result could not be obtained by the current analysis.