Most Popular Videos

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Creator: Carl PC CHEN
Duration: 2:14
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Injection treatment to the glenohumeral joint is often needed to treat shoulder problems such as adhesive capsulitis. This can be done through blind palpation technique, fluoroscopic or musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance. In recent years, ultrasound has been proven to increase the accuracy of needle placement into the glenohumeral joint.
Glenohumeral joint injection can be done through the anterior rotator interval approach or the posterior approach techniques. The posterior injection technique offers an easier and a more effective approach to the glenohumeral joint with less extravasation rate as compared with the anterior approach. The video demonstrates how the posterior injection approach is done through ultrasound guidance.
Creator: Chueh-Hung Wu
Shaw-Gang Shyu
Levent Özçakar
Tyng-Guey Wang
Duration: 0:56
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
This video showed the real-time ankle movements and the ultrasound images. Dynamic scanning (transverse view) at the level of the lateral malleolus showed anterior subluxation of the peroneal longus tendon over the malleolus during dorsiflexion and eversion. The peroneus longus tendon returned to the normal anatomic position at rest.
Creator: Hung-Jui Chuang, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chueh-Hung Wu, Levent Özçakar
Duration: 1:29
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Ulnar nerve subluxation or snapping triceps syndrome is the condition of anterior sliding of the ulnar nerve or part of the triceps muscle over the medial epicondyle during elbow flexion. This video presents the real-time dynamic visualization of the entire process of ulnar nerve subluxation and snapping triceps during joint movement of the elbow using ultrasonography.
Creator: The video demonstrated tracking the brachial plexus from the supraclavicular to root level and ultrasound guided injection to the cervical roots of C5 and C6.
Duration: 2:39
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
The video demonstrated tracking the brachial plexus from the supraclavicular to root level and ultrasound guided injection to the cervical roots of C5 and C6.
Creator: YI-Pin Chiang
Wen-Hsiang Tsai
Rachel Lew
Duration: 4:26
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
This video briefly reviewed the anatomy and sonographic appearance of knee ligaments, including two collateral ligaments and two cruciate ligaments. Ultrasound guided injection and aspiration for the knee joint was also demonstrated.
Creator: Kai-Shiang Chang, Yu-Hsuan Cheng, Chueh-Hung Wu, Levent Özçakar
Duration: 4:10
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
This video shows the dynamic images for the iliotibial band snapping hip syndrome, which could not be detected by the MRI exam. If an individual has lateral hip pain and correlated history, dynamic ultrasound imaging is the best modality to diagnose iliotibial band snapping hip syndrome.
Creator: Yi-Hsuan Hung, Chueh-Hung Wu, Levent Özçakar, Tyng-Guey Wang
Duration: 1:37
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
This video showed dynamic scanning (transverse view) of two painful neuromas at the level of stump tip of a below-elbow amputee. After ultrasound-guided perineural steroid injections, the sizes of both neuromas decreased during follow up one month later. The patient also reported a marked reduction in pain and numbness of the stump tip and well tolerated an electronic arm prosthesis.
Creator: Ming-Yen Hsiao, Shaw-Gang Shyu, Chueh-Hung Wu, Levent Özçakar
Duration: 1:15
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
The video shows dynamic ultrasound imaging for type A intrasheath subluxation of the peroneal tendons. Transposition of the peroneal longus and brevis tendons during ankle dorsiflexion and evertion is demonstrated.
Creator: Yi-Chian Wang, Rachel J. Lew, Chia-Wei Lee, Yi-Pin Chiang
Duration: 3:37
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Extensor Tendinopathy (Tennis Elbow) is a common term used to describe pathology of the forearm extensor tendons that converge to anchor the muscles to the lateral elbow. During traditional ultrasonography using the longitudinal scanning method, it is difficult to determine which component of the common extensor tendon (CET) is affected. This video presents the addition of a transverse scan to better visualize the tendons that join and form the CET. Two cases seen in our ultrasound clinic were demonstrated. The findings from the transverse scan helped to provide modifications of specific wrist and hand activities to facilitate recovery.
Creator: Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chen-Yu Hung, Ke-Vin Chang, Levent Özçakar
Duration: 0:12
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Dynamic examination of the the long head of the biceps tendon at the proximal insertion is performed by supinating and pronating the forearm while keeping the upper arm fixed.
Creator: Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chen-Yu Hung, Ke-Vin Chang, Levent Özçakar
Duration: 0:29
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Tracking of the the long head of the biceps tendon from the bicipital groove to the proximal insertion of the superior labrum.
Creator: Alberto Esquenazi, MD
Duration: 0:52
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Video demonstration of a patient using ReWalk. The ReWalk is a lower limb powered exoskeleton that allows thoracic or lower level motor-complete individuals with SCI to walk independently.
Creator: Thiru M. Annaswamy, Kimberly Davis, Corey Armstead
Duration: 0:06
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Needle electromyography in low cervical paraspinal muscles of a patient with EMG disease demonstrate increased insertional activity and myotonic discharges at 2 different sweep speeds; 20ms (video 1) and 500ms (video 2). Video 1: 20ms sweep displays a myotonic discharge that can appear as fibrillations and positive sharp waves or complex repetitive discharges. Video 2: 500ms sweep reveals the “wax and wane” characteristic specific to myotonic discharges. Myotonic discharges can have variable appearance and sound depending on sweep speed. By definition discharges need to last over 500ms and in 3 or more areas outside of an endplate.
Creator: Yi-Pin Chiang, MD, Chien-Fei Feng, MD, and Henry L. Lew, MD, PhD
Duration: 4:12
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

With the July issue of the Journal we are launching a new regular feature: the Video Gallery. The purpose of this Gallery is to combine text with video in the presentation and discussion of a topic of interest in musculoskeletal medicine. The first publication is authored by Chiang and collaborators who made a fantastic effort to write the text and produce the video in a relatively short period of time so we could include it in this issue of the Journal. This first “combined media publication” focus on the use of ultrasound for the examination of the rotator cuff and injection of the subacromial and subdeltoid bursa. Thanks to the effort of the Publisher LWW, the video can be accessed using your smartphone camera QR reader App to scan and capture the QR Code included with the print version of the article or by visiting our website at www.AJPMR.com. I hope you will appreciate this new feature and send us your comments and suggestions for future topics and use of electronic media.

Walter R. Frontera, MD, PhD
Editor-in-Chief

Creator: Yung-Chia Chang, Tyng-Guey Wang, Chueh-Hung Wu
Duration: 2:44
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Ulnar nerve compression commonly occurs during elbow flexion due to its location in the aponeurotic arch of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, also referred to as the humeroulnar arcade. Ultrasonography is an easily accessible tool for dynamic examination of the ulnar nerve in different elbow positions. This video gallery presents a rare case of ulnar nerve compression during elbow extension revealed in dynamic ultrasonography.
Creator: Thiru M. Annaswamy, Kimberly Davis, Corey Armstead
Duration: 0:29
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Needle electromyography in low cervical paraspinal muscles of a patient with EMG disease demonstrate increased insertional activity and myotonic discharges at 2 different sweep speeds; 20ms (video 1) and 500ms (video 2). Video 1: 20ms sweep displays a myotonic discharge that can appear as fibrillations and positive sharp waves or complex repetitive discharges. Video 2: 500ms sweep reveals the “wax and wane” characteristic specific to myotonic discharges. Myotonic discharges can have variable appearance and sound depending on sweep speed. By definition discharges need to last over 500ms and in 3 or more areas outside of an endplate.
Creator: Jia-Pei, Hong, MD, Henry L. Lew, MD, PhD, Chih-Hong, Lee, MD, Simon F.T. Tang, MD,
Duration: 2:06
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
The authors demonstrated ultrasound-guided technique in treating carpal tunnel syndrome to avoid damaging the median nerve and adjacent soft tissue. Since the median nerve goes deeper at distal hamate level, distal approach may provide larger space for initial needle insertion. Under long-axial view, the whole stretch of median nerve could be visualized when the needle progressed proximally in the access of in-plane.
Creator: Tiina Andersen, MSc, Astrid Sandnes, MD, Magnus Hilland, MD, Thomas Halvorsen, MD, PhD, Ove Fondenes, MD, John-Helge Heimdal, MD, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, MD, Ola Drange Røksund, PhD
Duration: 1:33
Journal: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Supplemental Digital Content 1. The laryngeal response pattern to mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) in healthy subjects, visualized both in real time and in slow motion by video recorded transnasal fiberoptic laryngoscopy. Video 1 describes the main findings of the study, Video 2 demonstrates the retroflex movement of the epiglottis during the insufflation, and Video 3 visualizes the hypopharyngeal constriction during the cough with exsufflation.
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