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Alternatives to Mouthpiece Noninvasive Ventilatory Support to Permit Dental Care

Tran, Jiaxin MD; Bach, John R. MD; Gonçalves, Miguel R. PhD

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: February 2014 - Volume 93 - Issue 2 - p 182–185
doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000029
Case Series

ABSTRACT Patients who are dependent on continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation for ventilatory support via angled mouthpiece interfaces during daytime hours often need dental interventions that are prevented by the presence of the mouthpiece. To permit dental interventions, however, the noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation can most conveniently and safely be delivered via nasal interface using oximetry monitoring as long as both sedation and supplemental oxygen are avoided. Three mouthpiece continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation users are described who were switched to nasal noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation to permit dental care. The most common mistake is to fail to cover the nasal interface exhalation portals when switching from ventilatory assistance by bilevel positive airway pressure devices with passive ventilator circuits to portable ventilators with active ventilator circuits and exhalation valves.

From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, University Hospital, Newark (JT, JRB); and Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital of S. João, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal (MRG).

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to: John R. Bach, MD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital B-403, 150 Bergen St, Newark, NJ 07103.

Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article.

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