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The Utility of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Rehabilitation Settings

Özçakar, Levent MD; Çarl, Alparslan Bayram MDı; Tok, Fatih MD; Tekin, Levent MD; Akkaya, Nuray MD; Kara, Murat MD

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: September 2013 - Volume 92 - Issue 9 - p 805–817
doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3182971269
Literature Review

ABSTRACT Aside from its prompt use in musculoskeletal injuries (sports lesions, degenerative/inflammatory joint disorders, and peripheral nerve pathologies), ultrasonographic imaging can be used quite conveniently in various types of rehabilitation conditions as well. If used in a rehabilitation setting, ultrasound can significantly contribute to the diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm of rehabilitation patients. Accordingly, in this article, the authors focus on the diagnostic/interventional utility of ultrasound particularly for shoulder problems, overuse injuries of wheelchair users, heterotopic ossification, amputee follow-up, peripheral nerve and botulinum toxin injections, and diaphragm imaging/electromyography.

From the Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey (LÖ); Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, Gülhane Military Academy Haydarpaşa Training Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey (ABÇ, LT); Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, İskenderun Military Hospital, İskenderun, Turkey (FT); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Pamukkale University Medical School, Denizli, Turkey (NA); and Ankara Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey (MK).

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to: Levent Özçakar, MD, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastaneleri Zemin Kat FTR AD, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins