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American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation:
doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e318214e976
Literature Review: Hemiplegia

Underlying Pathology and Associated Factors of Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain

Kalichman, Leonid PT, PhD; Ratmansky, Motti MD

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Abstract

The prevalence of hemiplegic shoulder pain is approximately 22%-23% in the general population of stroke survivors and approximately 54%-55% among stroke patients in rehabilitation settings. Hemiplegic shoulder pain causes a reduced quality-of-life, poor functional recovery, depression, disturbed sleep, and prolonged hospitalization. Herein, we attempted to understand, based on a literature review and experts' opinion, the pathologic processes underlying hemiplegic shoulder pain and the major associated factors contributing to its development. The systematization of underlying pathologies was proposed, which might eventually enable a more constructive clinical approach in evaluating and treating patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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