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Spinal Cord Injury Computer-Assisted Instruction for Medical Students

Campagnolo, Denise I. MD, MS; Stier, Kyle T. BS; Sanchez, William MD; Foye, Patrick M. MD; DeLisa, Joel A. MD, MS

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation:
Education and Administration: Technology
Abstract

Campagnolo DI, Stier KT, Sanchez W, Foye PM, DeLisa JA: Spinal cord injury computer-assisted instruction for medical students. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2003;82:316–319.

Objective: To determine if a computer-assisted instruction program would improve fourth-year medical students’ knowledge base related to spinal cord injury, as determined by pretest and posttest scores.

Design: A multimedia computer-assisted instruction program was developed and offered on a volunteer basis to an entire class of fourth-year medical students (n = 168). Effectiveness of the instructional content was evaluated with pretests and posttests, and overall user satisfaction with the module was assessed with the courseware evaluation.

Results: The responses yielded 83 sets of completed pretest and posttest pairs and 80 sets of fully completed courseware evaluations. Mean posttest score was significantly higher than the mean pretest score (pretest, 6.65 ± 1.44, vs. posttest, 7.36 ± 1.38;df = 82, t = −4.74, P < 0.001). Courseware evaluations yielded positive ratings in all areas, including applicability and usability.

Conclusions: The significantly increased posttest scores suggest that the students left the program with an expanded knowledge base in the content areas of spinal cord injury medicine covered in the computer-assisted instruction program.

Author Information

From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey (DIC, KTS, PMF, JAD); the Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota (WS); and the Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation, West Orange, New Jersey (JAD).

Supported, in part, by an Instructional Technology Grant from the Academic Information Technology Advisory Committee of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to Denise I. Campagnolo, MD, MS, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, UMDNJ—New Jersey Medical School, 30 Bergen Street, ADMC 604, Newark, NJ 07103.

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.