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* Registration deadline is November 30, 2015.
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CE TEST QUESTIONS
To present the details of a pilot study designed to test the feasibility of measuring dyspnea as part of the initial patient assessment nurses perform on clinical inpatient units.
After reading this article and taking this test, you will be able to
* identify the background information helpful in understanding the need for the authors’ pilot study on measuring dyspnea during the initial patient assessment.
* recognize the implications for nursing practice based on the findings of this study.
1. The American Thoracic Society definition of dyspnea refers to
a. qualitatively distinct sensations.
b. severely intense discomfort.
c. a decline in oxygenation.
d. an objective measurement.
2. A study of patients undergoing cardiac stress testing reported specifically that those who had dyspnea had a higher risk of death from
a. pulmonary complications.
b. heart disease.
d. any cause.
3. A health-related quality of life study of patients with esophagogastric cancer demonstrated that a 10-point poorer dyspnea rating prior to surgery was associated with a how much higher risk of death within the 5-year follow-up period?
4. The assessment of dyspnea to optimize care and improve symptom management requires applying a validated, quantitative tool
a. on a routine basis.
b. by all patient care staff.
c. to validate subjective reports.
d. when symptoms warrant it.
5. The authors modified the Medical Research Council breathlessness scale for use in an acute care setting by adding two grades, one of which was dyspnea while
6. The numeric rating scale the authors used asked patients to rate their breathing discomfort at the time of the interview on a scale whose maximum was 10, defined as
7. The authors sought to compare dyspnea at the time of the interview with that from the previous week specifically because worsening dyspnea could
a. suggest a deterioration in status.
b. warrant immediate intervention.
c. alter the established prognosis.
d. indicate a misperception in severity.
8. Nurses noted that patients were unable to respond to 1 or more questions on what percentage of the dyspnea assessment forms?
9. On which clinical unit did usage of the dyspnea assessment tool remain strongest throughout the pilot study?
10. On the unit with the highest usage of the dyspnea assessment tool (76% to 87% on weekdays), utilization on Saturdays and Sundays, respectively, was
a. 36% and 33%.
b. 47% and 44%.
c. 55% and 52%.
d. 68% and 61%.
11. What percentage of the nurse respondents noted that the assessment tool was “easy” or “very easy” to use?
12. Of the nurse participants, 92% reported that they believe dyspnea assessment to be
d. time consuming.
13. The nurses also suggested reordering the tool's questions to enable patients to first rate the most important item, which is
a. recent improvement in breathing.
b. breathing discomfort right now.
c. recent worsening of breathing.
d. a 0 to 10 rating of breathing discomfort.
14. To capture patients whose dyspnea was alleviated through interventions in the ED, the authors added a question asking patients to rate any breathing discomfort they had
a. over the past 2 hours.
b. within the past 6 hours.
c. over the past 12 hours.
d. within the 24 hours before hospitalization.
15. The authors’ revised dyspnea assessment tool will allow nurses to omit the assessment of change in dyspnea over the past week if the patient
a. doesn't currently have dyspnea.
b. hasn't had dyspnea for the past 8 hours.
c. hasn't had dyspnea for the past 48 hours.
d. cannot rate the severity of dyspnea.
16. What percentage of patients in the authors’ pilot study reported having no dyspnea at the time of the assessment?
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