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AJN, American Journal of Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000393048.25451.89
In the News

2010 Win–Loss Scoreboard

Section Editor(s): Pfeifer, Gail M. MA, RN

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Editor's note: AJN begins news coverage in 2011 with an eye toward health care goals and the roles nurses will play in achieving them. For a perspective on what progress has been made so far, and what remains to be achieved, here is a sampling of some of the global wins and losses seen in 2010.

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* Global condom use among men doubled over the past five years.

* In 2008 there were 200,000 fewer AIDS-related deaths than in 2004.

* A vaginal microbicide gel containing the antiretroviral drug tenofovir used during intercourse showed promise in giving women a prevention tool they can control.


* An estimated 42,000 preventable deaths from HIV occurred in pregnant women.

Source: UNAIDS report, MDG6: Six Things You Need to Know About the AIDS Response Today (

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* As many as 80% of cholera cases can be treated with oral rehydration salts.


* As we went to press, cholera (which is a preventable disease) had killed more than 700 in Haiti and more than 1,800 in central Africa in 2010.

Sources: World Health Organization, cholera fact sheet ( and Global Alert and Response: Cholera in Central Africa (; Pan American Health Organization updates (

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* Prevention projects (insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying) save an estimated 485 children from malarial death every day.


* Malaria prevention programs in several African countries are lacking as much as 90% of the funding they need for full implementation.

Source: Roll Back Malaria Progress and Impact Series, Saving Lives with Malaria Control: Counting Down to the Millennium Development Goals (

(For more on goals and progress toward malaria elimination, see the Lancet's series on the topic at

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* Fifteen African countries launched a synchronized campaign to eradicate polio by immunizing 72 million children.


* Polio remains endemic in Nigeria, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Source: World Health Organization, Africa Seizes Chance Against Polio (

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Colorectal Cancer


* The incidence of colorectal cancer declined over the past 20 years, which is attributed to increased screening that facilitates the detection and removal of precancerous polyps.


* An estimated 51,370 deaths from colorectal cancer occurred in 2010, accounting for 9% of all cancer deaths in the United States.

Source: American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures 2010 (

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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