Out of 302 AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) patients enrolled in the German ARL cohort study, 18 patients had plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL). Twelve out of 18 patients (67%) have died with a median survival of 4 months (range 0–11 months). In univariate analysis, an intermediate or high international prognostic index score was associated with a significantly lower overall survival and progression-free survival. The predominant cause of death was progressive lymphoma (67%). Our data indicate that the outcome of AIDS-related PBL is still very poor.