French national surveillance of new HIV diagnoses included the collection of dried serum spots to identify HIV serotypes. Between January 2003 and June 2006, 10 184 new diagnoses were reported. The proportions of HIV-2 and HIV-1 group O infections were 1.8 and 0.1%, respectively. Most of these cases occurred in patients infected through heterosexual contact and originated from the corresponding endemic areas. Three cases of HIV-2 infections were reported in non-African men having sex with men.
aUniversité François-Rabelais, Inserm ERI 19, Centre National de Référence du VIH, CHU Bretonneau, 37044 Tours cedex, France
bInstitut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France
cLaboratoire de Virologie, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France.
Received 21 July, 2007
Accepted 17 August, 2007