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Potential for medical transmission of HIV in Ethiopia

Priddy, Francesa; Tesfaye, Fikrub; Mengistu, Yohannesb; Rothenberg, Richarda; Fitzmaurice, Dorothya; Mariam, Damen Haileb; Rio, Carlos dela; Oli, Kebedeb; Worku, Alemayehub

Research Letters

The potential medical transmission of HIV through unsafe medical injections was evaluated in 16 rural health institutions in Ethiopia. Most institutions reported re-using disposable needle/syringes, and 12% of observed injections were given with used, disposable syringes prepared for re-use. Analysis of used needle flushes showed no HIV RNA; however, the sensitivity of our method was limited. Despite the re-use of disposable needles, medical injection practices are not likely to contribute significantly to HIV transmission in this region.

aEmory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

bAddis Ababa University Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Received 3 June, 2004

Revised 1 October, 2004

Accepted 19 October, 2004

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.