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HIV-1 infection among non-intravenous drug user female prostitutes in Spain. No evidence of evolution to Pattern II.

Aguado, Isabel; Rivero, Antonio; Vergara, Antonio; Hernández-Quero, José; Luque, Francisco; Pino, Rafael; Abad, María A.; Santos, Jesús; Cruz, Efraín; Rey, Concepción; Leal, Manuel; Márquez, Manuel; Lissen, Eduardo

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of HIV-1 infection among non-intravenous drug user (IVDU) female prostitutes in Spain and to determine risk factors for HIV-1 infection in this population.

Design: Cross-sectional seroepidemiological study of 519 non-IVDU prostitutes. Setting: Four university hospitals.

Methods: All participants completed a questionnaire and provided a serum sample. Serum samples were tested for antibodies against HIV-1, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Treponema pallidum.

Results: Twelve out of the 519 (2.31%) participants were HIV-1-seropositive. HIV-1 infection was associated with the presence of both HCV and 7. pallidum antibodies, multiple sex partners, longer history of prostitution, history of genital ulcers and anal intercourse. Condom use was associated with HIV-1 seronegativity.

Conclusions: The prevalence of HIV-1 infection in non-IVDU prostitutes in Spain remains relatively low. Risk increases with a higher rate of sexual exposure and practices such as anal intercourse and unprotected coitus.

(C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.