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Factors Related to Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Women Experiencing Police-Involved Intimate Partner Violence

Wilson, Janet Sullivan PhD, RN; West, Joe F. MBA; Messing, Jill Theresa PhD, MSW; Brown, Sheryll MPH; Patchell, Beverly RN, MS, CNS; Campbell, Jacquelyn C. PhD, RN, FAAN

Advances in Nursing Science:
doi: 10.1097/ANS.0b013e318227241d
Original Articles
Abstract

Relationships among intimate partner violence (IPV), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, health, and danger, using M.A. Dutton's Empowerment framework, were examined among 423 ethnically diverse women in contact with police due to IPV. Significant predictors of PTSD symptoms in multivariate analysis included Danger Assessment score, poor overall health, abuse leading to pain, victim expectations of future injury victimization, feeling unsafe, and shame. Results provide further evidence supporting routine assessment for violent trauma and PTSD as well as the need for research testing holistic interventions for women traumatized by violence.

In Brief

Relationships among intimate partner violence (IPV), Post Traumatic Stress Disordr (PTSD) symptomatology, health, and danger using M. A. Dutton's Empowerment Framework were examined among 423 ethnically diverse women in contact with police due to IPV. Significant predictors of PTSD symptomatology in multivariate analysis included forced sex, abuse during pregnancy, attempts to kill, fear of the perpetrator, victim expectations of further victimization, and shame. Results provide further evidence supporting routine assessment for violent trauma and PTSD as well as the need for research testing holistic interventions for women traumatized by violence.

Author Information

College of Nursing, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City (Dr Wilson and Ms Patchell); School of Public Affairs (Mr West) and School of Social Work (Dr Messing), Arizona State University, Phoenix; Oklahoma State Department of Health, Oklahoma City (Ms Brown); Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore (Dr Campbell).

Correspondence: Janet Sullivan Wilson, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center 1100 N. Stonewall, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 (Janet-Wilson@ouhsc.edu).

This study was funded by a grant from the National Institute of Justice (2008-WG-BX-0002).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.