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Nursing Gaze of the Eastern Front in World War II: A Feminist Narrative Analysis

Georges, Jane M. PhD, RN; Benedict, Susan DSN, CRNA, FAAN

Advances in Nursing Science:
doi: 10.1097/01.ANS.0000319564.68760.04

Grounded in a feminist perspective, a narrative analysis of letters written by Martha Lohmann, a nurse who served with the German Army on the Eastern Front in World War II, is undertaken. Utilizing “gaze” as a focus, an exploration of the narrative and the multiple gazes embedded within it is performed. Implications for future analysis of nurses' textual accounts of violence, armed conflict, and war are presented.

Author Information

Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego, San Diego, California (Dr Georges); and Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (Dr Benedict).

Corresponding Author: Jane M. Georges, PhD, RN, Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcala Park, San Diego, CA 92110 (

The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Traute Page, MD, and Anette Hebebrand-Verner who translated Martha Lohmann's letters. We are particularly indebted to Ms Lohmann's nephew, Arnd Lohmann, for providing copies of the letters to us along with his permission to use them.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.