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A New Model of Bullying in the Nursing Workplace: Organizational Characteristics as Critical Antecedents

Hutchinson, Marie MHSc, Grad Dip HA, BapSci (Nsg), RN, RM; Jackson, Debra PhD, BHSc (Nsg), RN; Wilkes, Lesley PhD, MHP Ed, BSc, Grad Dip, RN; Vickers, Margaret H. PhD, MBA, Bbus

doi: 10.1097/01.ANS.0000319572.37373.0c
Article Available Online Only for the April–June Issue

Providing a safe work environment where nurses can practice without fear or threat of aggression is acknowledged as a critical global issue for healthcare organizations. Although there has been growing recognition that workplace bullying is one of the most concerning forms of aggression experienced by nurses, to date, there has been little progress in developing explanatory models. In this article, we outline our recently validated model of bullying, which specifies organizational characteristics as critical antecedents. The model has important implications for the management of bullying, identifying that to be effective, interventions need to address features of workplace climate.

Although there has been growing recognition that workplace bullying is one of the most concerning forms of aggression experienced by nurses, there has been little progress in developing explanatory models. This article presents a validated model of bullying, which specifies organizational characteristics as critical antecedents.

School of Management, College of Business (Ms Hutchinson and Dr Vickers) and School of Nursing, College of Health & Science (Drs Jackson and Wilkes), University of Western Sydney, Australia.

Corresponding Author: Marie Hutchinson, MHSc, Grad Dip HA, BapSci (Nsg), RN, RM, School of Management, College of Business, University of Western Sydney, PO Box 1458, Ballina, New South Wales 2478, Australia (mariehutch@bigpond.com.au).

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.