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Tai Chi Philosophy and Nursing Epistemology

Alperson, Sunny Yim MSN, RN, NP

doi: 10.1097/01.ANS.0000311532.65941.b8
Article Available Online Only for the January-March Issue

This article analyzes the philosophy underpinning Tai Chi practice in light of nursing epistemology. The first half of the article reviews the general characteristics of major Chinese philosophical traditions that have been merged in Tai Chi: Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. In the second half, themes of integration and praxis in Tai Chi are linked with Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Tai Chi is a practical fusion of humanistic philosophy with an experiential dimension of movement in a nondualistic foundation. The author argues that TC philosophy can be applied to integrated knowledge development and nursing praxis.

This article analyzes the philosophy underpinning Tai Chi practice in light of nursing epistemology. Themes of integration and praxis in Tai Chi are linked with Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. The author argues that Tai Chi philosophy can be applied to integrated knowledge development and nursing praxis.

University of San Diego, San Diego, California.

Corresponding Author: Sunny Yim Alperson, MSN, RN, NP, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA 92110 (salperson@sbcglobal.net).

The author thanks Dr Sandra Wawrytko for her expert consultations on Chinese philosophy and editorial assistance and Dr Patricia Roth for her scholarly caring, guidance on nursing philosophy, and continuing support.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.