State of the Science: Posthospitalization Nursing Interventions in Congestive Heart FailureHamner, Jenny B. DSN, RNAdvances in Nursing Science: April/June 2005 - Volume 28 - Issue 2 - p 175–190 Original Article Abstract Author Information Nursing's role as key healthcare providers who give emotional support and teach self-care to patients with congestive heart failure has evolved substantially in recent years. The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic evaluation of the impact of posthospital nursing interventions in the management of heart failure. Four models of nursing interventions emerged: home-based nursing interventions, multidisciplinary interventions, heart failure clinics, and telephone- or technology-based nursing interventions. On the basis of currently available data, posthospital nursing interventions in congestive heart failure can improve clinical outcomes and decrease healthcare costs and resource use. Auburn University School of Nursing, Ala. Corresponding author: Jenny B. Hamner, DSN, RN, Auburn University School of Nursing, 108 Miller Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (e-mail: email@example.com). © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.