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Combining Stories and Numbers: A Methodologic Approach for a Critical Nursing Science

Berman, Helene RN, PhD; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn RN, PhD; Campbell, Jacquelyn C. RN, PhD, FAAN

Advances in Nursing Science:
Critique and Replication
Abstract

The critical paradigm is increasingly being recognized as an appropriate perspective for the development of nursing knowledge.While different research approaches including feminist, neo-Marxist, and participatory research have been described, all share the goals of empowerment, emancipation, and change. As a relatively new world-view for nursing, the concept of a critical nursing science faces much the same resistance as the interpretive paradigm did a decade ago. This article reviews the aims and assumptions of the critical paradigm; discusses the merits of combining stories and numbers for the agenda of change; and, using examples from our research, describes three strategies for combining stories and numbers in the critical paradigm.

Author Information

Assistant Professor; NHRDP/MRC Career Scientist; School of Nursing; University of Western Ontario (Berman)

Assistant Professor; NHRDP/MRC Career Scientist; School of Nursing; University of Western Ontario; London, Ontario, Canada (Ford-Gilboe)

Anna D. Wolfe Endowed Professor; School of Nursing; Johns Hopkins University; Baltimore, Maryland (Campbell)

Copyright © 1998 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.