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Advances in Nursing Science:
Critique And Replication

Combining Stories and Numbers: A Methodologic Approach for a Critical Nursing Science

Berman, Helene RN, PhD; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn RN, PhD; Campbell, Jacquelyn C. RN, PhD, FAAN

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Abstract

The critical paradigm is increasingly being recognized as an appropriate perspective for the development of nursing knowledge.While different research approaches including feminist, neo-Marxist, and participatory research have been described, all share the goals of empowerment, emancipation, and change. As a relatively new world-view for nursing, the concept of a critical nursing science faces much the same resistance as the interpretive paradigm did a decade ago. This article reviews the aims and assumptions of the critical paradigm; discusses the merits of combining stories and numbers for the agenda of change; and, using examples from our research, describes three strategies for combining stories and numbers in the critical paradigm.

Copyright © 1998 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.

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