Research methods are not paradigm specific but should be selected on the basis of whether they fit with the purposes of an investigation.In the postpositivist, interpretive, and critical paradigms, both qualitative and quantitative data or a combination of these may be used without violating paradigm assumptions. Attention to the four basic issues of quality of the data, investigator bias, quality of the research process, and usefulness of the finding is necessary to produce valid research. Although researchers in each paradigm deal with these differently, combining strategies across paradigms may enhance the scientific value of a study and result in new methodologies to address the health needs of all people.
(M. Ford-Gilboe) Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
(J. Campbell) Anna D. Wolfe Endowed Professor, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
(H. Berman) Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, Assistant Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
The authors thank the doctoral students at Wayne State University who actively participated in the development of ideas presented in this article over the past few years.