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Advances in Neonatal Care:
doi: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000054
Professional Growth and Development

Construction of a Reusable, High-Fidelity Model to Enhance Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Training Through Simulation

Thompson, Jess L. MD, MSc; Grisham, Lisa M. MS, NNP-BC; Scott, Jeanne BSN; Mogan, Chris CCP; Prescher, Hannes BA; Biffar, David MS; Jarred, John BS; Meyer, Robyn J. MD; Hamilton, Allan J. MD

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Abstract

Initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is stressful, especially for inexperienced extracorporeal life support providers. The main objective of this study was to create a novel, reusable mannequin for high-fidelity simulation of ECMO initiation. We modified a Laerdal neonatal mannequin (SimNewB; Stavanger, Norway) so that it could be used to simulate an ECMO initiation. A simulation of a neonatal patient suffering from meconium aspiration was performed in the pediatric intensive care unit, and participants included new extracorporeal life support specialists in addition to the composition of the clinical ECMO team. A total of 17 individuals participated in the neonatal ECMO initiation simulation. Questionnaire results showed that 88% of participants felt better prepared to assist in an ECMO initiation after the simulation. All participants (100%) agreed that the modified mannequin and the environment were realistic and that this simulation helps teamwork and communication in future initiations of ECMO. Simulation can be used for the prevention, identification, and reduction of anxiety–related crisis situations that novice providers may infrequently encounter during routine clinical use of mechanical circulatory support. Use of a reusable, high-fidelity mannequin may be beneficial for effective team training of complex pediatric ECMO–related procedures.

© 2014 by the National Association of Neonatal Nurses.

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