Skip Navigation LinksHome > December 2013 - Volume 13 - Issue 6 > Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding: A Case Study
Advances in Neonatal Care:
doi: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000026
Case of the Month

Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding: A Case Study

Woods, Christopher W. MSN, RN, NNP-BC; Woods, Amanda G. MSN, RN, NNP-BC; Cederholm, Carmen K. BSN, RN

Section Editor(s): Heaberlin, Pamela MS, RN, NNP-BC - Section Editor

Collapse Box

Abstract

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), formerly known as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN), is a bleeding disorder in neonates that is caused by inadequate serum levels of vitamin K. Vitamin K is a nutrient essential for adequate function of the coagulation cascade. Certain internal and external factors place newborn infants at higher risk for VKDB. Therefore, vitamin K prophylaxis has become the standard of care for newborns. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the administration of vitamin K to newborns, some parents are choosing to withhold vitamin K administration at birth. This case study describes an infant who developed VKDB in the absence of vitamin K prophylaxis. Although parents ultimately have the right to choose whether or not to administer vitamin K, as healthcare professionals, it is important to provide education regarding the potential complications of withholding vitamin K and the signs of VKDB if vitamin K prophylaxis at birth is withheld.

© 2013 by the National Association of Neonatal Nurses.

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.