Background: Addictions to psychoactive substances such as tobacco and others have been widely investigated, and recently interest has been developing in potential nonsubstance-addictive behaviors (eg, gambling, buying, or playing video games).
Methodology: In the current study, we sought to develop a questionnaire obtained from the Yale addictive food questionnaire Arabic version, and compare it with a Gold standard tool, which is the semi-structured ICD10 diagnostic-based interview. We also sought to determine the prevalence of some addictive behaviors in a sample of 100 participants displaying any addictive behaviors drawn from 2 governorates in Egypt (Cairo and Aswan). A Null Hypothesis was postulated that there is no difference within the sociodemographic variables with regard to the type of the nonchemical addictive behaviors.
Results: The questionnaire sensitivity was 86% with a plausible specificity of 50%, making it a very good screening tool. About 81% of the participants (n=81) showed addiction-like attitude toward the concerning behaviors.
Conclusions: Besides the usual psychoactive substance dependence, there are wide ranges of behaviors that cause a lot of psychological burden and unfortunately are not under the spotlight of medical services.
*Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University
‡Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo
†Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Mostafa Ahmed Bastawy, MD, Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan 81528, Egypt (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).