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Comparison of Cognitive Function of Seniors Living in Assisted Living Communities with That of Seniors Living at Home

Shelton, Kim RNC, BSN; Lee, Connie RN, BSN

Alzheimer's Care Today:
doi: 10.1097/ACQ.0b013e3181fbb333
Feature Topic: Dementia Care Environments: Research

Living at home may not be the most viable option for seniors who have dementia. Prevalence rates for dementia are rising exponentially and impact finances, personal relationships, and options for care in significant and measurable ways. This study investigated the impact of place of residence on the cognitive function of those with dementia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in cognitive function in seniors with dementia who live in assisted living communities compared with that of those who live at home. Medical records reviewed provided data for the comparison. Cognitive decline was greater for those living at home compared with those living in an assisted living community. The study and its implications for nursing research, education, and practice are discussed.

Author Information

Carson-Newman College, Jefferson City, Tennessee.

Correspondence: Kim Shelton, RNC, BSN, Carson-Newman College, 1646 Russell Ave, Jefferson City, TN 37760 (

This article is adapted from the thesis completed as part of the requirements for completion of the Masters of Nursing program at Carson-Newman College in Jefferson City, Tennessee. The information contained herein is the work of the authors as indicated, except for attribution of outside sources.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.