Enter your Email address:
Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed
to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without
You currently have no recent searches
Marshall, Mallory R.1; Laurson, Kelly2; Heelan, Kate FACSM3; Eisenmann, JC1
1Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. 2Illinois State University, Normal, IL. 3University of Nebraska at Kearney, Kearney, NE.
(No relationships reported)
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of pre-gravid BMI, gestational weight gain, birthweight, physical activity, and body fat on growth trajectory of blood pressure.
METHODS: The participants were 71 children (35 girls, 36 boys) 3.4 to 8.8 years old participating in a 3 year mixed-longitudinal study. A linear growth curve model was used to estimate the influence of pre-gravid BMI, gestational weight gain, birthweight, habitual physical activity, and percent body fatness on mean arterial pressure (MAP).
RESULTS: Significant positive correlation coefficients were found between pre-gravid BMI, gestational weight gain, child's 3-year average percent body fat, and MAP (r = 0.35 to 0.53). In addition, pre-gravid BMI was positively correlated with child birthweight (r = 0.32). The growth curve model showed that both pre-gravid BMI and gestational weight gain were found to significantly predict rate of change of MAP (slope variance = 0.25). Inclusion of the 3-year average physical activity did not improve the predictive utility of the equation, but the 3-year average of percent body fat was positively associated with the rate of change in MAP.
CONCLUSIONS: Children born to mothers with higher pre-gravid BMI and/or gestational weight gain had a greater increase in MAP per unit of age. As the obesity epidemic continues, more mothers are likely to be overweight or obese throughout pregnancy. Thus, the prevention of maternal obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy through physical activity and diet intervention may reduce childhood obesity and hypertension.
© 2011 American College of Sports Medicine
Colleague's E-mail is Invalid
Your Name: (optional)
Separate multiple e-mails with a (;).
Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Send a copy to your email
Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague.
Some error has occurred while processing your request. Please try after some time.
An Existing Folder
A New Folder
The item(s) has been successfully added to "".
Login with your LWW Journals username and password.
Username or Email:
Enter and submit the email address you registered with. An email with instructions to reset your password will be sent to that address.
Link to reset your password has been sent to specified email address.
What does "Remember me" mean?
By checking this box, you'll stay logged in until you logout. You'll get easier access to your articles, collections,
media, and all your other content, even if you close your browser or shut down your
To protect your most sensitive data and activities (like changing your password),
we'll ask you to re-enter your password when you access these services.
What if I'm on a computer that I share with others?
If you're using a public computer or you share this computer with others, we recommend
that you uncheck the "Remember me" box.
Save my selection