Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
B-62 Thematic Poster - Mental Health: JUNE 1, 2011 3:15 PM - 5:15 PM: ROOM: 404
1University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 2The Citadel, Charleston, SC. 3University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN. 4Coastal Carolina University, Conway, SC.
(No relationships reported)
For many people who are diagnosed with a chronic disease the psychological consequences can often be as debilitating as the disease itself.
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of combination resistance and aerobic exercise training among self-reported mood disturbances, frequency of self-reported symptoms and symptom distress in a sample of HIV+ adults.
METHODS: 43 participants, who were randomized as part of a larger exercise study, with complete psychometric data were included in this analysis. The exercise (EX) group (n = 24) completed six week intervention which included 30 minutes of aerobic activity at 60% of age-predicted max heart rate and a resistance portion at 60% of 3-rep max (approximately 20 minutes) during 2 sessions per week. Those randomized to the control (CON) group (n = 20) attended the sessions but did not participate. The symptom distress scale (SDS) and profile of mood states (POMS) were used to assess stress related psychological disturbances and the frequency of HIV-related symptoms experienced. A two way ANOVA was used to compare between and within group interactions over time.
RESULTS: Following the intervention the EX group showed a significant decrease in the POMS subscale of depression/dejection scores (p = 0.03) from 14.38 ± 2.5 at baseline to 6.21 ± 1.5 post treatment, with total mood disturbance (p = 0.003) dropping from 31.92 ± 6.87 pre intervention to 6.38 ± 4.51 post intervention compared to baseline, whereas the CON group showed no change. There were no significant differences found between groups.
CONCLUSION: These data indicate that moderate intensity aerobic and resistance exercise reduces mood disturbances and depression which is often experienced among HIV-infected persons. Although positive mood changes were observed following the intervention, the six week duration does not appear to be a sufficient stimulus to elicit reductions in reported fatigue, frequency of symptoms experienced, or symptom distress.
This project was supported by the NIH/NCMHD (5P20MD001770-03) and the American College of Sports Medicine.