Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
A-36 Exercise is Medicine/Poster - Exercise is Medicine: Effects on Health: JUNE 1, 2011 7:30 AM - 12:30 PM: ROOM: Hall B
1University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal. 2University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil. 3University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.
(No relationships reported)
The stroke (CVA) incidence has increased in recent years. Regarding its mortality, the stroke ranks third and is the leading cause of permanent disability in western countries. Furthermore there are no treatments for the psychosocial effects of this pathology.
PURPOSE: Analyze the effect of an aquatic exercise program in depression and trace and state anxiety in subjects who suffered an ischemic stroke.
METHODS: Two groups were analyzed, one experimental group (EG) consisted of 15 subjects aged 50.3 9.1 years(10 male and 5 female), and a control group (CG) with 13 subjects aged 52.5 7.7 years (9 male and 4 female). The experimental group underwent a 12-week aquatic exercise program. Both groups were evaluated in a pre and post-treatment. Beck Depression Inventory and Trace State Anxiety Inventory (IDATE) were used to collect data. Wilcoxon signed-rank and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare pre and post-treatment and to run the comparison between groups, respectively.
RESULTS: The depression scores of Beck Depression Inventory in aquatic activities were: pre-treatment, 17.4+7.7 and 16.9+8.6 for the EG and CG, respectively; post-treatment, 13.2+7.1 and 16.4+7.9 for the EG and CG, respectively. The IDATE scores for anxiety trace in strength training were: pre-treatment, 43.2+12.5 and 42.9+12.2 for the EG and CG, respectively; post-treatment, 39.7+7.1 and 42.6+12.1 for the EG and CG, respectively.The IDATE scores for anxiety state in strength training were: pre-treatment, 46.9+7.6 and 47.4+8.1 for the EG and CG, respectively; post-treatment, 44.4+7.9 and 47.5+8.0 for the EG and CG, respectively. Significant differences were found in pre and post treatment values in the experimental group (p<0,05). When both groups were compared significant differences were found in the depression and trace and state anxiety levels (p<0,05).
CONCLUSIONS: An aquatic physical activity tends to provide several improvements in motor behavior, enhancing independence and functional capacity besides other aspects of physical fitness. Parallel to these improvements and enhancements the levels of depression and anxiety in people who suffered an Ischemic Stroke decreases.