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Neuropsychology and Cardiovascular Disease

Graver, Christopher PhD

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: August 2010 - Volume 42 - Issue 8 - p 1617
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181e86fb3

(Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA)

ISBN: 978-0-19-534118-8. Copyright: 2010. Edition: 1st. Editors: Ronald A. Cohen, PhD; John Gunstad, PhD. Specialties: Psychology, Clinical, Cardiology. Publisher: Oxford University Press, Inc. List Price: $85.00

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Roughly one of every three Americans has some form of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including more than 70% of persons older than 75 years. Numerous studies now link CVD to accelerated cognitive decline, structural and functional brain abnormalities, and neurodegenerative conditions in the elderly. Although vascular dementia is the most obvious example of brain dysfunction that is directly tied to chronic vascular disease, Alzheimer's disease may be linked to some of the same pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie CVD. This book considers the sequelae of CVD, with a particular focus on brain changes and neuropsychological effects.

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To provide a foundation for understanding CVD and to present a review of interactions between neuropsychology and chronic CVD.

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The intended audience, including clinicians and researchers in neuropsychology, health psychology, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry, and geriatrics, will find this book an important resource. It is written at a level that is accessible to both licensed professionals and students.

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Highlights of this book include

* controversies in vascular dementia and vascular cognitive impairment

* effects of aging on cerebral hemodynamics and autoregulation

* ways that blood vessel physiological functions contribute to cognitive decline

* updates on the cognitive impact of cardiosurgical procedures

* neurocognitive aspects of heart failure

* mechanisms by which neurological changes produce cardiac dysfunction

* neuropsychological evaluation of persons with CVD

* recent research regarding the CVD neuroimaging.

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It is difficult to find a more comprehensive review of CVD and the neuropsychological sequelae. The authors have accomplished their two stated purposes. This book should accompany any general neuropsychology book for its expert coverage of this critical area. The brief review of neuroimaging and the few MRI examples could have been more robust, given the topic and the heterogeneity in presentation. The index is very useful. The references are current, abundant, and have a strong scientific foundation.

RATING: ★★★★

Reviewed by:

Christopher Graver, PhD

(Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA)

©2010The American College of Sports Medicine