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Smith, Bryan K.; Washburn, Richard A. FACSM; Donnelly, Joseph E. FACSM
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.
The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in both children and adults have been accompanied by an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in both groups. These trends illustrate the need for evidence based strategies to address these issues. Endurance exercise is the most common mode of activity associated with weight loss. Because of the relatively small energy expenditure associated with resistance training, when compared to endurance exercise, it is generally not recommended as an aid for weight loss. Although there is little evidence indicating that resistance training is effective for weight loss, there is evidence that resistance training is effective at altering body composition. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of resistance training in improving metabolic risk also can be found in the literature. A theoretical model will be presented that will illustrate how resistance training may result in favorable changes in body composition and improve metabolic risk. Evidence supporting the various components of this model will be discussed. Evidence supporting the role of resistance training in altering body composition and improving metabolic risk also will be discussed.
©2007The American College of Sports Medicine
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