Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
Abstracts: American College of Sports Medicine Conference on Integrative Physiology of Exercise: THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 2006: POSTER SESSION 1: Cardiovascular
1Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. 2University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.
This study was purposed to supply fundamental data which are necessary for health promotion and cardiorespiratory fitness development in female college students by examining relations of cardiorespiratory fitness with body composition, serum lipidlipoprotein profiles and metabolic indices.
Twenty one Korean female college students were participated in this study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured by graded exercise test. Body composition (percent body fat) was analyzed by using the bioimpedance analysis (Biospace Co.). And serum lipidlipoprotein profiles e.g. total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, and metabolic indices, e.g. glucose, free fatty acid, lactate, leptin were measured by using an enzymatic method. Pearson correlation analysis, linear regression analysis, and durbin watson test were used to investigate the association of cardiorespiratory fitness with body composition, serum lipidlipoprotein profiles and metabolic indices.
The study result confirmed that ventilation, exercise duration, and leptin have significant effect to percent body fat, and also, respiratory quotient, and lactate and glucose, and total cholesterol have significant effect to maximal oxygen uptake, and respiratory quotient respectively (p<.05).
The remarkable point of this study was that increase of percent body fat leads to increase of cardiorespiratory fitness. We assume that proper percent body fat to be necessary for effective normal social activities can be varied by times in college females. Afterwards, establishment of renewed standard for obesity is necessary through further research for diet habits, and exercise habits in college females.