Enter your Email address:
Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed
to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without
You currently have no recent searches
Bailey, Bruce1; Sullivan, Debra K.2; Smith, Bryan K.3; Donnelly, Joseph E. FACSM3
1University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA.
2University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS.
3University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.
A low level of HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Dietary fat consumption may influence HDL-C.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of dietary fat intake on HDL-C.
METHODS: Two hundred and fifty sedentary college students (males n=145, females n=105, age 19.0±1.1 years) with a BMI between 21–30 kg/m2, were recruited to participate in a 12-week feeding study. Participants were randomly placed into one of three conditions differing in the amount of fat consumed. One condition consumed less than 25% (LOW), another between 28–32% (MOD) and the final condition consumed >35% (HIGH) of calories from fat. Diet was assessed by picture plate waste methods and 24-hour recall procedures. Nutrition Data System for Research was used for all dietary analysis. Blood draws were taken after a 12-hour fast and analyzed for total HDL-C.
RESULTS: Baseline fat consumption was 36±5% of total calories for men and 34±6% for women and did not differ between conditions. Baseline HDL-C was 49.5±9.0 for men and 59.5±12.0 for women and did not differ between conditions. Over the 12 week period participants in the LOW condition consumed 21±3% of total calories from fat, the MOD condition consumed 31 ±2% and the HIGH condition consumed 40±3%. Men in the LOW (−3.4±8.0 mg/dl) and MOD (−3.2±7.0 mg/dl) conditions experienced a significant reduction in HDL-C compared to men in the HIGH condition (0.2±5.9 mg/dl) (p < 0.05). HDL-C in women in the HIGH condition increase (2.2±13.3 mg/dl), while women in the MOD (−1.0±9.4 mg/dl) and LOW (−3.2±7.4 mg/dl) conditions decreased. There was no significant difference between conditions for women (p=0.12).
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that reductions in dietary fat consumption may decrease HDL-C in college age men. Although the same conclusions cannot be made for college age women there was a similar trend.
Supported by NIH Grant DK58385.
©2006The American College of Sports Medicine
Colleague's E-mail is Invalid
Your Name: (optional)
Separate multiple e-mails with a (;).
Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Send a copy to your email
Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague.
Some error has occurred while processing your request. Please try after some time.
An Existing Folder
A New Folder
The item(s) has been successfully added to "".
Login with your LWW Journals username and password.
Username or Email:
Enter and submit the email address you registered with. An email with instructions to reset your password will be sent to that address.
Link to reset your password has been sent to specified email address.
What does "Remember me" mean?
By checking this box, you'll stay logged in until you logout. You'll get easier access to your articles, collections,
media, and all your other content, even if you close your browser or shut down your
To protect your most sensitive data and activities (like changing your password),
we'll ask you to re-enter your password when you access these services.
What if I'm on a computer that I share with others?
If you're using a public computer or you share this computer with others, we recommend
that you uncheck the "Remember me" box.
Save my selection