Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2014 - Volume 46 - Issue 10 > Abdominal Circumference Is Superior to Body Mass Index in Es...
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000329
Epidemiology

Abdominal Circumference Is Superior to Body Mass Index in Estimating Musculoskeletal Injury Risk

NYE, NATHANIEL S.1; CARNAHAN, DAVID H.2; JACKSON, JONATHAN C.3; COVEY, CARLTON J.3; ZARZABAL, LEE A.2; CHAO, SUSAN Y.2; BOCKHORST, ARCHIE D.2; CRAWFORD, PAUL F.3

Supplemental Author Material
Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare body mass index (BMI) and abdominal circumference (AC) in discriminating individual musculoskeletal injury risk within a large population. We also sought to determine whether age or sex modulates the interaction between body habitus and injury risk.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 67,904 US Air Force personnel from 2005 to 2011. Subjects were stratified by age, sex, BMI, adjusted BMI, and AC. New musculoskeletal injuries were recorded relative to body habitus and time elapsed from the start of study.

Results: Cox proportional hazards regression revealed increased HR for musculoskeletal injury in those with high-risk AC (males, >39 inches; females, >36 inches) compared with HR in those with low-risk AC (males, ≤35 inches; females, ≤32 inches) in all age categories (18–24 yr: HR = 1.567, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.327–1.849; 25–34 yr: HR = 2.089, 95% CI = 1.968–2.218; ≥35 yr: HR = 1.785, 95% CI = 1.651–1.929). HR for obese (BMI, ≥30 kg·m−2) compared with that for normal individuals (BMI, <25 kg·m−2) were less elevated. Kaplan–Meier curves showed a dose–response relation in all age groups but most prominently in 25- to 34-yr-old participants. Time to injury was consistently lowest in 18- to 24-yr-old participants. Score chi-square values, indicating comparative strength of each model for injury risk estimation in our cohort, were higher for AC than those for BMI or adjusted BMI within all age groups.

Conclusions: AC is a better predictor of musculoskeletal injury risk than BMI in a large military population. Although absolute injury risk is greatest in 18- to 24-yr-old participants, the effect of obesity on injury risk is greatest in 25- to 34-yr-old participants. There is a dose–response relation between obesity and musculoskeletal injury risk, an effect seen with both BMI and AC.

© 2014 American College of Sports Medicine

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Connect With Us